Endocrinology and Diabetes
Endocrinologists treat people who suffer from hormonal imbalances, typically from glands in the endocrine system. They also deal with metabolism, or all the biochemical processes that make your body work, including how your body changes food into energy and how it grows.
The overall goal of an Endocrinologist is to restore the normal balance of hormones found in your body. If a medical condition involving the endocrine system is suspected, your physician will refer you to this type of specialist.
Endocrinologists diagnose and treat conditions that affect your:
- Adrenal gland, which help to control things like blood pressure, metabolism, stress response, and sex hormones.
- Bone metabolism, like osteoporosis.
- Hypothalamus, the part of your brain that controls body temperature, hunger and thirst.
- Pancreas, which produces insulin and other substances for digestion.
- Parathyroid glands, which control the calcium in your blood.
- Pituitary gland, which keeps your hormones balanced.
- Reproductive glands (gonads): ovaries in women, testes in men.
- Thyroid gland, which controls your metabolism, energy, and brain growth and development.
There are many benefits to seeing an endocrinologist when you have diabetes. These specialists can help you gain control over the disease so that you maintain your health and develop a management plan that works for you.
Your primary care doctor can help you manage your diabetes, but they might refer you to an endocrinologist if:
- You're recently diagnosed with diabetes and need to learn how to manage it.
- They don't have a lot of experience treating diabetes.
- You take a lot of shots or use an insulin pump.
- Your diabetes has gotten tough to manage, or your treatment isn't working.
- You have complications from diabetes.