Normal prostate (Left) compared to an enlarged prostate (Right)
Prostate cancer is cancer that starts in the prostate gland. The prostate is a small, walnut-sized structure that makes up part of a man's reproductive system. It wraps around the Urethra, the tube that carries urine out of the body.
The PSA blood test is often done to screen men for prostate cancer. Because of PSA testing, most prostate cancers are now found before they cause any symptoms.
Prostate Cancer Symptoms
The symptoms listed below can occur with prostate cancer as it grows larger in the prostate. These symptoms can also be caused by other prostate problems:
- Delayed or slowed start of urinary stream
- Dribbling or leakage of urine, most often after urinating
- Slow urinary stream
- Straining when urinating, or not being able to empty all of the urine
- Blood in the urine or semen
When cancer has spread, there may be bone pain or tenderness, most often in the lower back and pelvic bones.
Treatments For Prostate Cancer
Your doctor may recommend one or more of the following treatments.
Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT)
The Owensboro Health Mitchell Memorial Cancer Center
offers one of the most advanced treatments available for fighting prostate cancer, a procedure called Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT). With this treatment, our specialists target cancer cells with small but powerful beams of radiation. Advanced technology is the key to IMRT; it allows us to bend the radiation beam to the shape of the tumor, minimizing radiation exposure to healthy cells and reducing side effects.
Radiation Seed Implants
Brachytherapy is a procedure to implant radioactive "seeds" into the prostate gland to kill prostate cancer cells. Implants may be short-term or permanent. At Owensboro Health, we offer low-dose procedures featuring Iodine-125 as the radioactive source.
Owensboro Health offers a number of surgeries to treat prostate cancer, including robotic-assisted prostatectomies (removal of all or part of the prostate gland). Robotic surgeries may reduce pain, bleeding and complications.